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Violin Toolbox

Musical Dictionary
-Violin Worksheets

There are many parts to the Violin,
these are some of the basics:

  • Parts: A violin typically consists of a spruce top (the sound­board, also known as the top plate, table, or belly), maple ribs and back, two end blocks, a neck, a bridge, a sound post, four strings, and various fittings, optionally including a chin rest, which may attach directly over, or to the left of, the tail piece. A distinctive feature of a violin body is its hourglass like shape and the arch­ing of its top and back. The hour glass shape comprises two upper bouts, two lower bouts, and two concave C-bouts at the waist, providing clearance for the bow.
  • Pitch Range: The compass of the violin is from G3 (G below mid­dle C) to C8 (the high­est note of the mod­ern piano.) The top notes, however, are often produced by natural or artificial harmonics. Thus the E two octaves above the open E-string may be considered a practical limit for orchestral violin parts.
  • Tuning: The tuning G-D-A-E is used for most violin music. Other tunings are occasionally employed; the G string, for example, can be tuned up to A.

The standard modern day tuning for the Violin G-D-A-E as you can see below…